A Global Overview of Carrara Marble Slabs
Talking about Carrara Marble Slabs, a whole world opens wide.
In this article, we will talk in detail about this beautiful and varied material, in all of its forms. In this interesting journey, you will get a deeper understanding on some aspects that were seldom known so far, but are essential.
We are going to address the following subjects concerning the Carrara Marble Slabs:
Types of Carrara marble slabs available on the market
The term Carrara Marble slab is often wrongly used, being it extremely generic. In our city’s quarries, we are quite aware that, according to the extraction site, we can find marbles of different qualities and patterns.
We will now provide you the guidelines to identify the material that best suits your purpose, according to its design and composition. You can then make the best choice for your job.
Standard White Carrara marble slabs: the top-seller and most famous variety.
As shown in the picture, there are two varieties: the C type (the most valuable one) and the CD type. We have thoroughly addressed the Standard White marble in a previous article, which you can read by clicking here.
Just to give you the idea, the C type is considered the purest one, as it presents a bright white background and is thus more valuable than the CD type.
When choosing the Standard White Carrara marble slab, you shall pay attention to this difference.
White Gioia slabs
Its name comes from the location from which it is extracted and, differently from Standard Carrara White marble slabs, small dots and black round marks distinguish it.
There is a third variant called White Gioia Venato which is extracted from the same basin. It features different densities of veins that remind the structure of a spiderweb. It is a very elegant marble and highly appreciated by home designers, especially in Southern Italy.
Geologically speaking, the Arabescato Marble comes from a settled breach that turned into marble. Its patterns recall Arab marbles, thus the name. This material can be found in numerous varieties, according to the different patterns it presents. The texture is like an imperfect beehive, with a structure that shows egg-nested shapes, technically called clasts.
Also in this case the value of the material is determined by the background’s purity and the grayish/black veins across the surface.
Sometimes, you can find Arabescato slabs with a yellowish background: in this case, you may know that you are dealing with a medium-low quality material.
It is extracted mostly in the province of Massa-Carrara and Lucca.
The two main kinds of Arabescato are:
Arabescato Corchia, which displays faded green clasts. After this type of marble is cut into slabs, a resin treatment and a mesh are almost always required, due to the risk of separation and breakage over time. Once this treatment is applied, the slabs can be safely handled.
The Arabescato Vagli type, instead, has a narrower vein and dark green clasts. It is a more compact and workable material than the previous one.
In the last twenty years, the Statuario Carrara marble slabs have become one of the most prestigious varieties in the world.
Basically, this type of Carrara marble features a bright white background with a large gray vein across the surface. Sometimes, small light gray veining on the surface can also be seen and, when both characteristics appear, you are facing a Statuario Extra slab, best in class.
Finally, there is Statuario Michelangelo. You might have certainly heard about the famous Michelangelo’s statue of David. It is a sculpture made from a single block of this material. Its veins are light gray, almost transparent.
The Statuario Michelangelo’s slabs are very hard to find, as it is mainly available as marble blocks for sculptures. That is because it has such a white background and a geological composition that suit perfectly this kind of artwork.
In terms of luxury and prestige, Calacatta is at the same level of the Statuario, with the only difference that, in this case, we find a warmer background with brownish veins.
Calacatta Extra is the best of its kind. Also called Calacatta Gold, it reveals an amazing golden veining on a warm white background.
The Calacatta Vagli slabs can be easily recognized by their clasts that truly resemble the Arabescato marble. The warm beige background, but mainly the light brown and sometimes pink veins, differentiate both types.
As of today, many people around the world misidentify Statuario and Calacatta, because in fact, at a first glance, they really look alike.
So how can we distinguish these two materials?
By looking at the background color. As previously mentioned, the former has a bright pure white background, while the Calacatta slabs background tends to beige.
When the slab color is definitely darker, you are dealing with a Bardiglio Grigio variety. It is always part of the White Carrara marble’s family, but it can be distinguished by its gray color, tending to blue.
Manhattan Grey slabs
One may have heard about the Manhattan Gray slab, without really knowing it. Is it an American marble?
Manhattan Gray or Calacatta Manhattan is 100% Carrara marble.
This material is extracted precisely between two quarries: Bardiglio’s and Calacatta’s. The mountains, merging together, formed this variety that creates truly fascinating slabs.
Its color may vary from a bluish gray to beige and up to white, depending on the extraction site.
Carrara Marble Slabs
Procuring each type
The availability of the material is one of the biggest’s issues in the marble market. If you are an architect, you are aware of how crucial the pattern and the color shading can be to make a project unique and special.
Certain material types can be hard to find, generating several difficulties depending on delivery times.
Nowadays, Bianco Gioia and Bianco Carrara slabs are continuously produced, presenting thus a good availability for most variants: Venato, C and CD types.
Obviously, finding a “healthy” and perfect C type is a bit more complicated and costly, therefore a bigger effort is required in the inquiry phase.
Arabescato slabs also offer a good availability, as they are currently produced in many operating quarries. When looking for top quality Arabescato slabs, the availability clearly decreases, and the procurement becomes more competitive.
Regarding Statuario and Calacatta slabs, there is a distinction to make: being extremely high-level marbles, early in the process the best blocks are reserved for luxury applications. That’s a different story if, instead, little imperfections in the slabs are not a problem.
For example, Calacatta Oro and Statuario Extra, being worldwide standout marbles, are very hard to find.
Also Manhattan Gray slabs have not been not easy to find recently. As mentioned above, the extraction of this marble is in a merging area, so it can only be obtained therein.
Bardiglio slabs are daily produced, and therefore always available. They are often paired with Standard White marble, as the combination creates a nice-looking contrast.
No matter what you need, just contact World Service Carrara, and you can be sure that we will find in record time the material that best fits your requirements.
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Prices of Carrara Marble Slabs
Why are prices so different when I look up Carrara marble slabs online?
Let’s begin with a statement: marble is a natural art. What does that mean, exactly?
For instance, when you buy a new car, you are aware that, as soon as you leave the dealer, you will find many other cars just like yours. When you buy instead a marble slab, it is like a car made just for you, a one-of-a-kind that cannot be replicated.
Marble is unique, therefore that specific pattern will become an exclusive design.
So how can something, that is always unique, have a fixed price or a price list?
As you may guess, it can’t; that’s why prices per square meter are set within certain ranges based on the type of material.
Furthermore, you can’t take for granted that each customer will evaluate the product in the same way. We have very often seen buyers underestimate a slab and, a few days later, sell it for more than the average market price. The evaluation primarily follows a standard, but then it gets subjective depending on one’s taste.
Is there thus a standard market price for a Carrara marble slab?
Obviously not, but as mentioned before, price ranges can be set according to:
- Type of material
- Purchased quantity
- Treatment processes
- Ancillary services
By type of material, we mean the marble’s name, for example “White Carrara”.
By marble quality, we have in mind the background purity, the appearance of a specific pattern and the lack of defects on the slab surface, which we will talk about later. The purer the background of the slab, the more attractive the pattern and the fewer defects, the higher the price.
By dimensions of the slab, we mean Width x Height x Thickness.
If you are not aware of how a marble slab is obtained or if you want to learn more about it, we suggest you to read the dedicated section.
Anyway, when the marble block is extracted in the quarry, it already has a specific dimension: the bigger it is, the higher the value of the cut slab.
Why is that so?
Imagine you would need a Carrara marble slabs for an indoor wall cladding of a majestic skyscraper, what slabs dimensions would you use? As large as possible.
What if you had to buy some slabs to build a small bathroom? You wouldn’t need a 340 x 200 cm (approximately 11 x 6.5 feet) slab, would you?
As you may easily guess, extracting a large whole block is clearly rarer than extracting a medium one. This is why the price changes according to the dimensions.
So what is our suggestion?
When you start your project, rely on a dependable seller that asks the right questions to let you make the best choice for the material.
The usual thickness of a marble slab is 2 cm (0.79 inch); if there is a request for a 3 cm (1.18 inch) slab, the price may increase of 30-50% in average, depending on the material type.
By availability, we mean how much material is available in a specific period of the year.
The production from the Carrara marble quarries is subject to variations according to the phases of extraction of each quarry. There might be moments when the mountain seldom produces high-quality blocks and this fact leads to a consequent increase of their market value.
Another reason for the increasing of the Carrara marble slabs’ price in the latest years are the regulations of the marble extraction sites. This necessary protocol drove, for obvious reasons, a decline in production in favor of environmental sustainability and the protection of mineral resources and landscape.
The purchased quantity is not a secondary variable. It is always easier for a company like ours to offer a better price if the purchasing quantities are higher. In this way, transportation costs for CNF, CIF or FOB deliveries can be divided by larger square meters, optimizing charges.
Obviously, the higher the value of the material, the easier the amortization of these expenses.
By treatment processes, we mean what the marble slab undergoes after cutting, for example treatments such as polishing, resin coating, reinforcement etc. If you are interested to better understand these slabs treatment processes, go to the treatment processes section.
Based on the application of the marble, we will recommend you the most suitable types of treatment, if you haven’t decided yet. According to the type of material and its final application, we can establish together the required treatment. Clearly, the cost of these processes will affect the slabs final price.
The ancillary services offered by the company are often underestimated in the marble market. To many suppliers, selling is the only thing that matters. At World Service Carrara, we do not agree with this mindset. We invest plenty of energy in understanding the customer needs, in order to offer assistance before, during and after the purchasing process of the Carrara marble slabs.
You cannot imagine how many times we saw customers requesting a specific material under precise conditions and then, after a reasonable recommendation, change their minds and choose another sort that better suits their needs.
How much value would you give to deal with a company that provides you certainty in every step of the purchasing process of your slabs?
Based on what you read above, you might have understood that buying slabs, in particular the ones of Carrara Marble, is by no means a trivial matter. When making an economical comparison, always keep in mind all these variables, and that many of them can be established only after a dialogue with the supplier.
Here is a very common question:
Why do I find online differences up to 30% in the price of Carrara marble slabs of the same material?
Let’s explain why such situations occur.
It happens that some customers request different quotations from several suppliers, and they find offers more or less discounted compared to ours.
After a more accurate check, when we ask the customer to show us the material proposed, we notice most of the times that:
- It is a different type of material; similar, but not the same;
- The quality and the dimensions are quite different;
- The material is not homogeneous regarding style and pattern. How would you feel if you received Bianco Carrara C slabs, each one different than the other?
This is to clarify that, most of the times, highly discounted prices come with hidden surprises. As any expert knows, in a valuable project the quality of the product cannot be compromised during the negotiations.
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Identifying defects in the Carrara marble slabs
Picking out imperfections in marble slabs is quite simple if you are familiar to the product. But what happens when we are not experts?
Let’s start by saying that, particularly here in Carrara, the usual practice when producing slabs is to select blocks with no imperfections. It happens, though, to find a block so beautiful that it would be a shame discarding it just because of a small defect. That is where you can run into an insidious purchase.
What does deteriorate the value of a marble slab and why?
Below, you will find a list of the main defects that usually appear on marble slabs, so you don’t get fooled.
One of the most common defects on marble is the locally called “biscia”. It is a line usually 1 or 2 cm thick (0.4 to 0.8 inches), that runs across the slab and presents a sparkling light color, decreasing the marble value in a very consistent way.
“Tarolo” is a small cavity that appears in some types of marble due to its excessive crystallization. It is a feature present in some Carrara’s white marbles; when it exceeds a certain dimension, it becomes an aesthetic problem.
A marble slab that shows two distinct colors or patterns often leads to a devaluation of the material, as it has an impact on the design. You may have seen marble slabs presenting a large darker or lighter band that interrupts the pattern. This is another variable that can decrease the value of the marble slab.
Lack of geometry:
During the cutting phase of a block, some edges might break apart, generating slabs with irregular geometry. If your project is not designed to use that specific corner, then you will have no issue, but a slab with a broken edge is not perfect anymore, and in certain cases it loses value.
As a standard, a perfect marble slab should have a rectangle shape, but we know that it is not always the case. It is also common understanding that the choice of the material should always correspond to your needs.
Whenever possible, it is appropriate to design a cladding piece from an imperfect slab, recycling the scraps, for two reasons:
- The economical convenience of purchasing a slab with irregular geometry
- The optimization of the material
Forcing of the mountain:
This is a quite technical aspect, not so easy to understand should we treat it in detail. The forcing of the mountain on a marble slab can be found in the form of white filaments seen along the surface.
These marks come from the pressure that the mountain applies during the extraction in the quarry. As they are not pleasant to see on certain materials, their value can be negatively affected.
Resin repair process:
As previously anticipated, some types of marble slabs must undergo a resin treatment, otherwise they would flake off in a few months.
In this case, we are not talking about a preventive resin treatment, but a repairing treatment.
The resin repair process takes place when there is a defect on the slab, but it has not yet detached from the rest of the part.
Carrara White Marble slabs rarely undergo this kind of treatment, as it would be immediately visible, but colored marbles do.
The resin repair turns out more reasonable and effective on a colored marble: it becomes almost invisible when it is embedded in between the veining and the pattern.
Let’s say it is a way to restore a material that otherwise would be scrapped. The only detail to pay attention to is the duration of the resin.
There are no studies demonstrating how long the resin lasts. In particular, if it is applied on a porous material, which is regularly subject to thermal variations, it could even become dangerous.
In contrast, it is not an issue if a slab used on a floor covering is treated with a resin repair.
Naturally, it is possible to purchase imperfect slabs at an interesting price and achieve a good result. The important thing is to have clear in mind its final application.
At World Service Carrara, when we receive a request for an imperfect material and a lower price, for a specific job, we promptly underscore its features. That is why our customers trust us, and that is when a relationship, one that lasts over time, begins.
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Understanding how Carrara marble slabs are made
Basically, the Carrara marble slabs come from the best quarried blocks.
Why is it?
Because the dimensions and the quality are of major relevance when offering to customers the slab that best suits their projects.
The extraction takes place through various methods. Among the most used in Carrara, there are the diamond wire cutting, the chainsaw cutting and the continuous drilling cutting. Many times, despite the modern machinery used, the bench wall, that is the portion of the cut mountain from which the blocks are quarried, breaks in several points, causing its fragmentation and a consequent creation of small blocks and material scrap.
When sorting these chunks, the major wish is to obtain also large blocks; these are then selected and squared to make them uniform and suitable for transportation and trade.
At this point, these uniform blocks, called in the jargon “frame blocks”, are ready for cutting. The choice of the block is done according to its dimensions and quality.
Why are the prices for blocks and slabs so different?
Purchasing a block for later cutting is a deal that involves risks for the buyer. Although it may look nice on the outside, the block may bring up unpleasant surprises after cutting.
In these cases, both seller and buyer must find common ground and agree on a solution.
For ethical reasons, at World Service Carrara we are bound to sell blocks and slabs when we are certain of their quality and lack of defects. If the customer is interested instead in purchasing a not-quite perfect material, we have the moral duty to inform him/her in detail about all its features.
Proceeding with the cutting phase of the marble block, there is as a consequence a percentage of scrap, which varies based on the thickness of the slabs to be obtained. Approximately, 10 to 25%.
This waste is mainly caused by the machinery blade.
In addition to the cutting operation costs, there are other ones from material handling and transport activities and, eventually, from the resin treatment, if the material is fragile.
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Carrara Marble Slabs
Dimensions, weight and thickness of slabs
What is the weight of a marble slab and how is the total weight calculated?
To answer to this question, we need some simple information:
- Length of the slab
- Height of the slab
- Thickness of the slab
- Weight of the marble per cubic meter
Supposing that the dimensions of the marble slab are:
- Length: 3.40 meters (11.15 ft)
- Height: 2.15 meters (7.05 ft)
- Thickness: 0.02 meter (0.0656 ft)
- Calculate the volume of the slab in cubic meters (m³):
(3.40 m x 2.15 m x 0.02 m) = 0.146 m³ (5.156 ft³)
Assuming that the density of the marble is around 2500-2800 kg/m³ (average 2650 kg/m³ – 165.43 lb/ft³)
Multiply the volume (m³) x the average density: (0.146 m³ x 2650 kg/m³) = 386,9 kg
The slab weighs 386,9 kg (852.97 lb)
Do you need to find the weight per square meter (m²) of a marble slab?
(1.00 m x 1.00 m x 0.02 m) x 2650 kg/m³ = 53 kg (116.85 lb)
Consider that, when you are not sure about the density of the material and use an average, you shall always round up the result, to avoid exceeding the maximum load during the transport.
What are the most common marble slab sizes?
Basically, the most popular dimensions are 330/340 cm length (10.83/ 11.15 ft) x 190/200 cm height (6.23/ 6.56 ft) and 2/3 cm thick (0.066/ 0.098 ft), but you can also find it in smaller sizes. For example: 240/250 cm length (7.87/ 8.20 ft) x 120/140 cm height (3.94/ 4.59 ft) and 2/3 cm thick (0.066/ 0.098 ft).
If the project design is sufficiently flexible, you can save some money by looking for smaller sizes.
At WSC, we often recommend those to our customers, when we realize that their projects do not need bigger marble slabs. Upon request, we can produce slabs thinner than 2 cm or thicker than 3 cm, as well.
Carrara Marble Slabs
In case you decide to buy your marble from us, we can supply it with one or more finishing treatments, as described below:
The marble brushing treatment, also called antiquing, confers on the material an aged effect and enhances its veins and peculiarities.
The marble surface becomes very smooth, seemingly to silk at touch; this treatment is suitable for indoor or outdoor applications. Differently from honing, brushing makes the appearance of marble slabs less mat and more vivid.
The state-of-the-art machines employed on this treatment penetrate evenly into the pores of the marble, brushing the slab in a truly efficient way.
Once, the honing treatment used to be carried out with lead, which over time turned out to be carcinogenic and, therefore, unhealthy.
This procedure is often requested in the marble industry, as it guarantees a non-reflective satin effect. It is an excellent outdoor finishing, as it gives the marble long durability and a good grip to walk on, in case it is used for floors.
By honing, we mean removing from the marble slab surface irregularities, residues or encrustations due to cutting, contamination or corrosion of the material.
Today, we work safely, using mainly two types of honing processes:
- Dry honing
- Wet honing
The choice between one of the two solutions depends on the material to be treated and the customer’s requirements.
This type of processing is usually employed on marbles for indoor use. Polished exterior marbles are rare, mainly for two reasons:
The first is that a polished marble tends to become opaque as a consequence of environmental exposure.
The second is that it is very slippery when wet, therefore an outdoor application can result hazardous.
The polishing of Carrara marble slabs is carried out by modern automatic machines which, through progressively finer abrasive belts, make the surface almost as shiny as a mirror.
Polishing can also take place through acidic and chemical products that mitigate the corrosion of the marble.
To obtain impeccable polished Carrara marble slabs, the machinery must be state-of-the-art and properly set up.
For this reason, it is essential to rely on professional companies, with qualified experts.
This treatment is widely applied on Carrara marbles to increase their grip and make them safe to walk on. Such feature is built in marble slabs thanks to the specific machines used in this process; by pounding mechanically the marble slab with tips, they generate a rough, orange peel texture.
It is possible to define the grade of roughness and, therefore, of porosity of the material, starting from a super fine up to a coarse texture.
Floors are not the only application for this treatment. Bush hammering is also often used for outdoor cladding, pool edges, fountains and marble seats.
Even if flamed marble slabs may sound new to you, we are sure that you might have seen them many times without being aware of their existence.
Above all, it is a technique used on shower trays, steps, swimming pool edges and outdoor flooring to give it an anti-slip texture.
How does the flaming take place? The marble slab is heated by a high-temperature blowtorch (approximately 600°C) and, immediately after, it is cooled using a cold water jet. When submitting the slab to a thermal shock, its surface literally pops up, detaching flaked residues.
The marble acquires then a rough and vitrified appearance. In addition, the uneven effect generated by the thermal treatment highlights the marble veining. Nowadays, machines perform the thermal treatment instead of human beings, who remain responsible for planning and supervising the job.
In the fluting process, a spinning roller engraves the surface of the marble slab, creating a grooved texture. The roller is often equipped with two different sizes of tools, to draw an alternating pattern on the slab.
Surfaces with uniform colors are the most suitable ones for this treatment, as they acquire a very elegant motion effect.
This process is very useful for applications such as anti-slip floors, pool edges, stylish claddings, sills and steps.
The etching process consists in immersing the marble slab in a tank which contains acids.
As a consequence of the chemical reaction, the corroded surface presents a bright orange-peel effect.
Compared to brushing, etching gives an even more aged look. This method is currently quite discouraged, due to the use of corrosive agents that are harmful to the environment.
Sand-blasting is a treatment performed to obtain a rough and anti-slip effect on marble slabs. It is also widely used on some of the main Carrara marbles.
This type of treatment costs less than other similar ones, such as bush hammering, because it is a faster procedure and therefore requires less manpower. Sand-blasting consists in shooting, by the means of a specific machinery, a sand jet at a very high pressure against the slab. This jet gently scratches the surface, giving it a coarse but very interesting aspect.
Sand-blasted materials are often cleverly and finely combined with other processes, to create a beautiful contrast effect.
Thanks to its roughness, sand-blasting is suitable for floors, curbs and claddings. This process is not recommended for marbles that are too fragile or sugary.
The chiseled finish is carried out on Carrara marble slabs to create a motion effect.
This finishing can be obtained both manually or automatically. It consists in sculpting the slab creating grooves with more or less regular patterns along the entire surface.
The tools that are used generate a contrasting effect, as they provoke the detachment of marble scales, bringing up the natural light of the stone.
Early in Roman times, when today’s technology was not available for machining, the chiseled finish was employed to make stones less slippery.
In many Italian cities, it is still possible to find an outdoor flooring that has been submitted to this manual treatment.
Where to buy Carrara marble slabs?
Carrara marble is famous worldwide, with thousands of traders and companies importing it into their countries. Buying this type of marble directly in Carrara brings evident benefits, especially for the bottom-line. Every time a marble slab passes from one trader to another, its price increases and, many times, it becomes unsuitable.
Besides, let us ask you: who better than a local company to know their product? We are not talking about knowing the marble in general, but the specific know-how, passed down through generations.
A family company that has always handled Carrara Marble gives you the confidence that cannot be found elsewhere. In fact, when you turn to a company like ours, we will wisely advise you towards the most suitable material according to your needs.
We have been working with marble and its applications for decades, routinely managing this business.
What would happen if you found yourself buying marble slabs that, due to their geological features, after a few years start breaking, getting yellowish or maybe shattering during processing?
You would certainly squander quite a lot of money, which no one would give you back, not to mention that you would have to buy additional marble slabs.
The result would be a waste of time, money loss and a lack of income.
If you have to deliver a project within a certain deadline, it is crucial for you to know the delivery and processing times. You will also need information on how to handle slabs and their specifications.
In short, our advice for you is to buy your slabs in Carrara. Select a dependable and competent company, willing not only to sell, but also provide product assistance.
If you are interested in Carrara marble slabs and want to know more about our working methods, contact us now. We will be pleased to illustrate them to you, together with our amazing materials and their characteristics.
Selecting a Carrara Marble slab
Did you know that currently in Carrara there are more than 140 active marble extracting quarries? That’s right, more than 140.
And did you know that each quarry mines a different type of material?
Yes, because changing the extraction area affects also the marble characteristics. OK, not in every case: some quarries, being in the same location and sharing the same course, extract basically the same type of material.
But what happens when we buy a marble slab?
What happens is that, either we know its specifications, or otherwise we can hardly identify its origin and whether they are suitable for us.
If you are not an expert, you can only be sure when you rely on an open company, which well knows the material. A company from the Carrara area. But that is not enough.
This company should provide guidance on marble and its peculiarities, just like we do at World Service Carrara.
Our exclusive data gathering method allows us to offer you – in less than 24 hours – the slab you are looking for, the one that best suits your needs!
In our section about, “how to identifying defects in the Carrara marble slabs”, we explain all you need to know to avoid getting tricked. We did all that to show you that our ethics at work goes beyond the marble selling.
We want to have you satisfied with your purchase.
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Marble slabs with 45° veins
Have you noticed that almost all of the veined slabs are produced with a 45° vein measured from the ground?
This is a characteristic that became very popular in the last decades.
In fact, to obtain the 45° vein, the blocks are cut in the quarries respecting very precise criteria.
Because the marble market prefers this type of slab, the producers have adapted to it. The Carrara marble slabs with a 45° vein are leading the demand. It might happen today that, when a product does not include this feature, it is not even considered by some customers. Some say it is all about fashion, but the truth is, as previously mentioned, every year it gets more and more requested.
The design experts declare that the 45° vein, mostly for claddings, provides a motion effect on the walls. In addition, it is used to create large natural patterns, placing the slabs side-by-side mirroring each other.
For this reason, the Carrara marble slabs – especially Statuario and Calacatta – undergo the polishing treatment with reverse sides. That means, after cutting the block, instead of polishing all even or all odd sides, they are alternated: 1,4,5,8… and so on.
Interesting, isn’t it?
Scope of application of the slabs
What are the scopes of application of the Carrara Marble slabs?
Carrara Marble floors:
Carrara Marble slabs fit perfectly to floor designs of any size, both indoors and outdoors.
For hundreds of years, Carrara marble has been used in luxury environments, such as prestigious offices, majestic buildings and 5-star hotels.
You can find Carrara Marble floors ranging from a pure white to black colors.
For luxurious places, high-level marbles are preferred, like Calacatta and Statuario.
The designs that can be obtained from the acute and professional use of Carrara Marble are impressive. When the competence of an architect merges with the knowledge of our consultants, outstanding floorings come out, which can be recognized among hundreds of similar types.
Not only luxurious places can benefit from Carrara marble: there is a wide variety at a good price.
Just to mention some: Bianco Gioia, Arabescato, White Carrara and Bardiglio can be found in many houses, buildings, shopping centers and stores.
Did you know that you have different ways to install, for example, Calacatta and Statuario marble slabs?
Let’s find out together the two major laying types.
Open-book pattern floor:
The open-book flooring, also called book-match pattern, is truly extraordinary. In recent years, it became a trend as one of the most requested by top-level architects. This technique consists in selecting a block of slabs of large dimensions, presenting large veining, and cutting them according to the open-book standard.
The Carrara marble slabs are placed forming a sort of stain that spreads outwards, often recalling the shape of a rhombus with rounded and shaped corners.
When we perform this kind of installation, there is a very specific and detailed process of designing, scanning and cutting, allowing the slabs to perfectly cover the surface.
Straight pattern floor:
The straight pattern flooring is perhaps one of the most classic and popular laying types. It consists in cutting out the marble slabs with the vein that “runs” in the same direction. The straight pattern is widely used in rooms flooring because it optimizes the quantities. In fact, comparing to the open book pattern laying, it is possible to use a larger portion of the slab, reducing thus material scrap.
The most popular Carrara Marbles for this kind of laying are: Standard White, Arabescato and Gioia, as they present delicate veining. However, the straight pattern laying using superior marbles is not excluded.
To find out how floors can be treated, consult the section “finishing methods”.
Steps and stairs using Carrara Marble:
What can be more elegant than walking down a staircase? And what if the stairs were made of Carrara Marble?
We have seen dozens of movies in which great actors or actresses were about to gracefully descend a staircase.
It is something that takes us back to the very early 1900’s, with those beautiful dresses worn by ladies and gentlemen of yesteryear. Old-fashioned? Absolutely not.
Nowadays, maybe more than before, a fine and classy staircase makes the difference in any context.
You can use Carrara marble to create stairs from scratch, or serving as the steps for iron, wooden or any other type of stair.
In any case, Carrara marble is widely employed in this segment due to its versatility. It can be processed in various ways, for indoors or outdoors, making for truly extraordinary effects.
Stairs have several customizable elements, according to one’s taste and to where they will be placed, such as: tread, riser, fans, landings and skirting boards. Actually, you can combine different colors of Carrara Marble to create the desired effect.
Steps are mostly built with blocks or slabs of White Carrara, depending on the dimensions. Alternatively, for an exclusive design, slabs or blocks of Gioia, Arabescato, Statuario and Calacatta can be used.
Carrara Marble claddings:
Marble slabs are widely used for indoor and outdoor cladding. If there is a wall to be enhanced, why not using Carrara Marble Slabs?
A marble cladding, in addition to being classy and tasteful, is also easy to clean, especially if polished.
Actually, over time you will surely have noticed that tiles, especially those in bathrooms or kitchens, tend to vein, due to the temperature variations to which they are subject.
Carrara Marble, instead, has a singular durability.
A positive feature about White Carrara Marble cladding is its luminous effect. Due to its purity and crystallinity, it makes for a bright and enjoyable atmosphere. In this way, it is possible to optimize the lighting, thus saving electricity.
Marble claddings match very well with other materials such as iron, wood and granite, creating interesting and suggestive combinations.
Carrara Marble countertops:
We can only agree that it is a matter of taste. We often supply, and machine on demand, slabs that will serve as unique and elegant kitchen countertops.
Is it true that Carrara Marble is not recommended for kitchen countertops?
Once, it was true; because when this material is used in its raw state, without any kind of treatment, and gets in contact with beverages, food or oils, it absorbs these substances, leaving stains that are hard or sometimes impossible to remove.
Nowadays, there are resin and polishing treatments to turn them waterproof. These processes do not affect or compromise at all the quality of the slab. The appearance of the marble remains unchanged, as the finishing is barely noticeable.
Usually, 3-cm thick marble slabs are recommended, to make for a stable and sturdy countertop. If you think that the supporting structure may not bear the weight of such a slab, no worries. A technique called emptying and filling can reduce its weight while maintaining its robustness.
This method consists in emptying the marble slab and filling it with honeycomb-shaped panels.
These panels, made in aluminum and having the geometry of a honeycomb, result to be very light. The panels are inserted in an empty slab and filled with an epoxy resin.
Due to this process, the countertop becomes 60/70% lighter, allowing you to place it wherever you like.
Carrara marble tables and coffee tables:
Tables partially or completely made of Carrara Marble transmit elegance and refinement.
Building a table using a Carrara marble slab greatly enhances the purpose of our mountains’ material.
Putting together the passion for food and drinks in the company of good friends, with the touch and the style beyond question of Carrara marble, is an extraordinary combo. The texture and the freshness, that only this material can offer, make for a unique and evocative atmosphere.
If you decide to build a Carrara Marble table, you can be sure that there will be no other alike anywhere. Due to the particularity and patterns that the beautiful Apuane Alps offer, each piece will be unique.
These tables can be created using a combination of marble with other materials or completely in marble, according to the customer’s taste and needs.
Moreover, the new generation tables can be easily disassembled when displacing or moving.
Usually, tables are made with white and veined marbles, such as: White Carrara, Arabescato, or more precious materials such as Statuario Extra and Calacatta Gold.
The marble dividing walls are used when you need to separate two rooms in a modern and efficient way.
For example, if you have a living room and want to separate it from a brighter area, a partition wall is an excellent solution.
Among different types of dividing walls, the most common are:
- Permanent marble room divider: The slab or marble crafted element is firmly fixed to the floor and, when necessary, anchored to a wall or ceiling. In this way, you can permanently divide a portion of your room.
- Marble sliding doors: One panel is fixed to the floor, to the ceiling and/or to the sidewall, and the remaining ones slide on rails. In this way, the marble partition wall can almost disappear, or, if you wish, it can divide the larger room
- Marble dividing wall with rotating elements: The marble slab is accurately cut into several vertical or horizontal strips, that can be flipped fully open or fully closed. Resembling a Venetian blind or a band curtain, when it is closed, all bands match perfectly, giving the sight of the entire pattern of the selected material, as a whole piece.
Naval and aeronautical interiors:
It would be practically unthinkable to use Carrara marble slabs on a boat such as cruise ships and yachts, or in an airplane or a private jet; their weight would encumber the project design.
However, thanks to the use of very thin marble slabs, about 5 mm (0.2 inch), and the afore-mentioned honeycomb structures, it is possible to decorate boats and aircrafts without compromising their stability and floating capabilities.
The looks are the same, no one can notice the difference. In addition, the honeycomb has a valid soundproofing property, useful to reduce the noise produced by engines, machinery or external sources.
Therefore, in case you would like to use a beautiful and stylish Carrara Marble as the furniture of your project, you can surely do it.
Indeed, the durability of a marble cladding is practically eternal and does not require any specific treatment, as opposing to wood, for example.
Transportation of Carrara Marble slabs
How are the Carrara marble slabs shipped?
According to the destination Country, Carrara marble slabs can be shipped:
By road, by trucks or semitrailers, depending on the requested quantity of material and the distance.
In this case, it is a must to entrust a professional shipping company. It is quite common, especially due to haste or distractions during the loading and tying phases, for the material to arrive damaged at its destination.
For this reason, at World Service Carrara we have an internal and independent logistics service, with expert drivers who ensure the delivery in an appropriate manner.
It is equally important to be aware that, when ordering the material from our company, we calculate the shipping time and organize the trip in every detail. It allows you to know exactly the departure and delivery dates. Moreover, the hauler travels following safe routes and respecting the hours of rest. Thus significantly reducing the risk of unforeseen events and damage to the goods.
By ship, in containers.
The slabs are packed directly in the warehouse by a specialized company, which fasten them tight inside wooden frames, protecting them properly.
Then they are loaded into the container, which is transported by a semitrailer to the port of departure. At that point, the container is loaded onto the ship, which carries the cargo to the port of destination.
Once it arrives at the port, the ship is unloaded and the container is transferred to another semitrailer, who will deliver the slabs to the customer.
There is also air shipping, but it is actually less used, as it is very costly. Unless there is a truly urgent need, this option should be excluded.
Now that you have increased your knowledge about Carrara marble slabs, all you have to do is take the first step to order the material you like.